From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Deep ecology (WIKI) is a recent branch of ecological philosophy (ecosophy) that considers humankind an integral part of its environment. Deep ecology places greater value on non-human species, ecosystems and processes in nature than established environmental and green movements. Deep ecology has led to a new system of environmental ethics. The core principle of deep ecology as originally developed is Næss’s doctrine of biospheric egalitarianism — the claim that all living things have the same right to live and flourish. Deep ecology describes itself as “deep” because it is concerned with fundamental philosophical questions about the role of human life as one part of the ecosphere, rather than with a narrow view of ecology as a branch of biological science, and aims to avoid merely utilitarian environmentalism.
Ecophilosophy and Ecology
Arne Næss, the founder of Deep Ecology and one of Norway’s best known philosophers, is Professor Emeritus at the University of Oslo, and has been working with SUM since 1991. Born in 1912 in Oslo, graduated at the University of Oslo in 1933, studied in Paris and Vienna. Doctorate in 1936 (thesis title: Erkenntnis und wissenschaftliches Verhalten), professor of Philosophy at University of Oslo from 1939 to 1969, then free-lance philosopher and naturalist, and from 1970 onwards environmental activist. Arne Næss has lectured in Bali, Beijing, Berkeley, Bucharest, Canton, Chengdu, Devon, Dubrovnik, Hangzhou, Helsinki, Hongkong, Japan, Jerusalem, London, Melbourne, Reykjavik, Santa Cruz, Taiwan, Tartu (Estonia),Tromsø, Vancouver, Warsaw. Næss participated in the peace movement (especially 1940-55) and “the deep ecology movement” (1970- ). He was leader of UNESCO’s project on the East/West Controversy (Cold War), Paris 1948-49. In Europe Næss is a supporter of “green” politics. Founded Inquiry, an inter-disciplinary journal of philosophy.
More and contact information: University of Oslo
Activism, buddhism and deep ecology
More and contact information: Joanna Macy’s webiste
A council of all beings, and thinking like a mountain
John Seed is founder and director of the Rainforest Information Centre in Australia. Since 1979 he has been involved in the direct actions and projects which have resulted in the protection of the Australian, Asian and St American rainforests and their inhabitants. He has written and lectured extensively on deep ecology and has been conducting Councils of All Beings and other re-Earth ing workshops around the world for 20 years. With Joanna Macy, Pat Fleming and Professor Arne Naess, he wrote “Thinking Like a Mountain – Towards a Council of All Beings” (New Society Publishers).
More and contact information : John Seed’s website at http://rainforestinfo.org.au